Day 4

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Paper title Towards informing precision agriculture by autonomous UAS
Authors
  1. Carsten Montzka Forschungzentrum Jülich GmbH Speaker
  2. Jordan Bates Forschungszentrum Jülich
  3. Francois Jonard Forschungszentrum Jülich
  4. Harry Vereecken Forschungszentrum Jülich
Form of presentation Poster
Topics
  • C4. HAPs/UAVs
    • C4.01 Innovative UAV applications
Abstract text Technological developments in the agricultural sector will change the cultivation structure towards small-scale fields accounting for heterogeneities in soil texture, topography, distance to surface waters etc. The overall aim is to reduce the impacts to the environment and to increase the biodiversity by simultaneously keeping high yields. Autonomously operating ground vehicles (robots) and aerial vehicles (drones) will collaboratively monitor fields and provide optimized cultivation of the fields while considering local weather predictions.
However, this is a future perspective, we are not there yet. We will present first experiments with an autonomous Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) for precision agricultural monitoring. The system consists of an air-conditioned hangar, which protects it from criminal acts and weather conditions, and charges the drone between flights. Beyond visual line of sight (BVLOS) operations are possible, which increases flexibility and reduces human interactions. Multispectral and thermal infrared observations are able to provide adequate spatiotemporal data on plant health and water availability. This information can be used for agricultural management and intervention, such as irrigation. We provide example applications for the TERENO (Terrestrial Environmental Observatories) site Selhausen, not far from Bonn, Germany.