Day 4

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Paper title Towards the global HydroSHEDS-X dataset – DEM pre-processing for the derivation of rivers and catchments
Authors
  1. Leena Warmedinger German Aerospace Center (DLR) Speaker
  2. Raphael Tubbesing Company for Remote Sensing and Environmental Research (SLU)
  3. Martin Huber German Aerospace Center (DLR)
  4. Mira Anand Confluvio Consulting Inc.
  5. Bernhard Lehner McGill University
  6. Achim Roth German Aerospace Center (DLR)
  7. Carolin Walper German Aerospace Center (DLR), German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD)
Form of presentation Poster
Topics
  • A7. Hydrology and Water Cycle
    • A7.01 Inland Water Storage and Runoff: Modeling, In Situ Data and Remote Sensing
Abstract text The increased availability and accuracy of recent remote sensing data accelerates the development of data products for hydrological modelling. Most hydrological models rely on the accurate representation of the Earth’s terrestrial surface including all waterways from small mountain streams to great lowland rivers in order to compute discharge. In light of this, the creation of the HydroSHEDS-X database, which is currently developed in an international collaborative project between the German Aerospace Center (DLR), McGill University, Confluvio Consulting, and the World Wildlife Fund, represents a new source for global digital hydrographic information. HydroSHEDS-X is the second version of the well-established HydroSHEDS database, which is freely available at https://hydrosheds.org. While the first version was derived from the digital elevation model (DEM) of the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM), the foundation of HydroSHEDS-X are the elevation data of the TanDEM-X mission (TerraSAR-X add-on for Digital Elevation Measurement), which was created in partnership between the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and Airbus. HydroSHEDS-X benefits from the higher resolution of the underlying TanDEM-X DEM given its resolution of 0.4 arc-seconds worldwide including regions with latitudes higher than 60° North, which are not covered by the SRTM DEM. Details of this high-resolution DEM are preserved in the HydroSHEDS-X dataset by applying enhanced pre-processing techniques. This pre-processing of the elevation data comprises DEM infills for invalid and unreliable areas, an automatic coastline delineation with manual quality control, the generation of an open water mask, and the reduction that are caused by distortions of vegetation and settlements. The pre-processed DEM is further treated at a resolution of 3 arc-seconds to obtain a hydrologically conditioned DEM. Derived from this hydrologically conditioned version of the DEM, the HydroSHEDS-X core products comprise flow direction and flow accumulation maps as gridded datasets. The core products are complemented with secondary information on river networks, lake shorelines, catchment boundaries, and their hydro-environmental attributes in vector format. Finally, the database is completed with associated products. Available in standardized spatial units and at multiple scales starting from a resolution of 3 arc-seconds, HydroSHEDS-X is fully compatible with its original version and thus provides a consistent and easy-to-use database for hydrological applications from local to global scale. The main release of HydroSHEDS-X is scheduled for 2022 under a free license.