Day 4

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Paper title Cost-Benefit Analysis of using Commercial data to complement Copernicus in meeting the EU’s Green Deal Objectives
Authors
  1. Marco Bolchi VVA Brussels
  2. Eleftherios Mamais Evenflow SRL
  3. Paola Testa VVA Brussels Speaker
  4. Phillip Harwood Evenflow SRL
Form of presentation Poster
Topics
  • E1. New actors, stakeholders and Commercial EO
    • E1.04 Space Capacity Building in the XXI Century
Abstract text The Copernicus Programme has revolutionized Earth Observation and the uptake of the EO data among public and private users. It is now becoming a foundation of the EU's leadership in the global Sustainability Transformation and monitoring of ambitious environmental and security goals.

However Copernicus' potential can only be fully exploited with complementary data sources, including commercial data. Many of these needs are already met through the Copernicus Contributing Missions (CCM), but this programme does not fully exploit the range of data that New Space companies can provide.

To quantify the benefits of using additional commercial data, we performed a Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) of the implications for European policy were the EC to directly use commercial data to monitor progress against objectives, taking advantage of the improved resolution and higher cadence.

Although all aspects of EU policy were considered, the key focus was on the European Green Deal, for which EO data has important roles in monitoring land use changes, farming practices, soil degradation, biodiversity and other key parameters.

Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) is a systematic approach to be used to compare completed or potential courses of actions, or to estimate the value against the cost of a decision, project, or policy. CBA analysis has long been a core tool of public policy and is used across the EU institutions. It helps decision makers to have a clear picture of how society would fare under a range of policy options for achieving particular goals. This is particularly the case for the development of environmental policy, where CBA is central to the design and implementation of policies in many countries.

In this case, the aim of the CBA was to determine in a quantified way the benefits and added value of universal direct access to commercial data by the relevant stakeholders at European level, compared against a baseline of Sentinel data plus Copernicus Contributing Missions. The focus of the study was on high cadence optical Very High Resolution (more specifically VHR2) data.

To achieve this, the use of EO data at European Level (European Commission (EC), EU agencies and entrusted entities) was analysed. A range of case studies were selected for detailed analysis, allowing us to build a picture of how improved data translated into benefits to the end user. This was then used to inform a macro analysis of the benefits to Europe as a whole, including both monetary and non-monetary benefits.

The outputs of this study capture where commercial EO data can best help the EC to meet its green deal objectives, complementing the existing Copernicus data and services, and may also provide useful inputs for future needs of the Copernicus programme.