Day 4

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Paper title SCC4HAPS - Integrated Satellite and HAPS Control Center
Authors
  1. Daniel Gugeanu GMV Innovating Solutions Speaker
  2. George Muntean GMV Innovating Solutions
  3. Belén Martín Peiró GMV Aerospace and Defence
  4. Enrique Rivero Jiménez GMV Aerospace and Defence
Form of presentation Poster
Topics
  • C4. HAPs/UAVs
    • C4.02 HAPS – High-Altitude Pseudo Satellites
Abstract text SCC4HAPS
Integrated Satellite and HAPS Control Center
D. I. Gugeanu(1), B. M. Peiro(2), E. R. Jimenez(2), G. D. Muntean(1)
(1) GMV, SkyTower, 32nd floor 246C Calea Floreasca, Sector 1, Bucharest, Romania, Email: daniel.gugeanu@gmv.com, gmuntean@gmv.com
(2)GMV, Isaac Newton 11, P.T.M. Tres Cantos, Madrid, Spain, Email: abmartin@gmv.com, erivero@gmv.com

High-altitude pseudo-satellites (HAPS) are aircrafts (airplanes, airships or balloons) positioned above 20 Km altitude, ideally designed to fly for a long time in the stratosphere, providing services conventionally served by artificial satellites orbiting the Earth.
Due to their capability to stay in a quasi-stationary position in the lower stratosphere, the HAPS combine the desired characteristics of both satellites and terrestrial wireless communications (low-latency and high quality communications), in addition to other considerations like fast deployment and cost.
GMV is currently developing the adaptations required onto off-the-shelf solutions to integrate High Altitude Pseudo-Satellites (HAPS) into satellite control centres and also is developing a prototype of the satellite control system for HAPS within a project for ESA within the ARTES program (ESTEC Contract no 4000132544/20/NL/CLP). The partners in this project are GMV-RO and ATD AEROSPACE RS SRL, supported by two external entities which will be involved for specific activities (HISPASAT and Universidad de Leon).
This activity was started in the context of a renewed interest in HAPS as assets for providing different services, especially telecommunications and remote sensing for civilian or military applications, and aims at its use for providing an integrated monitoring and control centre for large fleets of satellites and HAPS.
The project aim is to be easing the adoption of HAPS by telecommunication satellite operators, by paving the way to integrated multi-layer (satellite, HAPS and ground) operations. The immediate project objective is defining and demonstrating the adaptations needed to their “existing satellite control systems” to operate HAPS in an integrated way. The project objective is also understood to, rather than the development of a specific solution, the establishment of the basis for any future Mission Control Centre development that can target the satellite telecommunications operators market.
In new communications services where satellites and HAPS contribute, the control centre and its operations for both platform and payload should be unique and centralized to effectively orchestrate all the components.
The result of this activity could therefore be used by any ground systems provider to some extent. The specification and design will save some costs that would be recurrent otherwise. More importantly, the value of this project will be the identification of key aspects that will make their offer of future ground products/services commercially attractive to satellite operator willing to adopt HAPS and to HAPS Platform Service Suppliers selling their services to satellite operators.
The mission planning of a large constellation of satellites and HAPS will pose a challenge that can be managed reasonably with current state of the art planning and automation tools. Besides the operational impact, from the technology point of view, the need to handle hundreds of assets in the control centre solutions will be a big challenge per se. New generation software-defined payload enables “dynamic” or “flexible” missions that are defined once the satellite/HAPS is already flying, so that the satellite can be employed for different purposes along its lifecycle. As a consequence, challenges appear in the areas of mission design function and payload control function.